Islamic dating system
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How are we to reach a way of regulating this matter?
The second year was called: 'The year of the command to fight'. Afterwards, the custom of naming the year after the main events was abandoned.Others argued: "Their dates are not based on any specific beginning; whenever one of them became king, their history began again, and they discounted what had gone before." The assembly eventually agreed that Islamic history would begin with the Prophet's Flight, because none of those present disagreed on the date of that event, whereas that of the Prophet's birth, and when exactly he had received the first Divine message, aroused some controversy." There are no such differences of opinion with regard to the date of the Hijra as there are with regard to the time when the call first came to Muhammad and with regard to the day and year of his birth.And although the date of his death is fixed, it is no pleasant thought to use (such a sad event) as the beginning of the era.This calendar had been kept by a minority of Arabs and had been in progress according to the lunar cycle since 358 CE, see Table 9.The religious observances, thus perpetuated by Qussai, were in substance the same as in the time of the Prophet, and with some modifications by 'Umar are the same as we still find practiced at the present day.Agreement on this matter was reached in the year 17 of the Hijra, the fourth year of the caliphate of 'Umar.
Until then, each year (after the Hijra) was called after its main event, and this was used for dating purposes.
The Hijra, moreover, coincided in time with the success of the religion (millah) of Islam, the frequent arrival of embassies, and the Muslim ascent to Power.
It is a time of blessings and a very impressive (historical) event. The first of that year -that is, al-Muharram-fell on a Thursday according to the average (calculation).
In 639 CE, Caliph 'Umar I started the Muslim calendar counting it from the lunar month, Muharram, in the year of the Prophet's migration to Medina, 16 July in 622 CE. 1825), the greatest known chronicler of late 18th- and early 19th-century Egypt, recounted that Umar Ibn Al-Khattab was the first "setter of dates" of the Islamic era.
According to his account, Abu Moussa Al-Ash'ari wrote to Umar Ibn Al-Khattab in distress: "Letters have reached us from the Commander of the Faithful, but we do not know which to obey.
Al-Hakim narrates the tradition on the authority of Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri that when the Prophet came to Medina, he ordered the introduction of the Muslim era, but this tradition has been held to be weak in authority by the Muhaddithun.